The dalmatian breed probably conjures images of frolicking dalmatian puppies from the Disney movie “101 Dalmatians,” or of a stately firehouse dog sitting atop a ladder truck.
These unique dogs, with their signature black-and-white spotted coats, are certainly some of the most recognizable canines out there. And they have a long history: Dalmatians originally hail from Dalmatia, a coastal area of Austria, and were first used as coach dogs in the 19th century, guarding horse-pulled carriages by trotting alongside.
But if you’re considering adding a dalmatian to your household in the near future, you might wonder: Are dalmatians aggressive dogs?
The answer isn’t as cut-and-dry as “yes” or “no.” Dalmatians aren’t inherently aggressive — like most dogs, whether it displays aggressive behavior depends on its circumstances.
Keep reading to learn more about the dalmatian’s temperament, signs of aggression to watch for, and what you can do to avoid any aggressive behavior in your dalmatian.
Dalmatians are high-energy, playful, and sensitive dogs. They tend to be very loyal to their human family members and are generally good with other dogs and children. Of course, you should always keep an eye out when small children and dogs spend time together, just to be safe.
Are dalmatians aggressive? Not inherently, but they are known to have a bit of a stubborn streak. Some dalmatians can be reserved with strangers or aggressive toward other dogs – although dogs of any breed can be, too. Ultimately, there isn’t reason to think dalmatians are any more aggressive than other breeds. According to the American Animal Hospital Association, a study from Ohio State University found that the dalmatian is among the lowest breeds for bite risk.
A note: There’s a high incidence of deafness in dalmatians, which can lead to communication problems between owners and dogs. And it’s possible that a deaf dog could be easily startled, perhaps lashing out aggressively out of fear.
Signs of Aggression in Dalmatians
Dalmatians show aggression in the same way that other dogs do. Common signs of aggression include:
- Low growling
- Bared teeth
- Wide eyes
- Rigid posture
- Stiff tail
- Loud barking
If you see these behaviors occurring frequently in your dalmatian, you may have an aggressive dog on your hands. But it’s important to recognize that no breed is inherently predisposed to aggression, including the dalmatian and those breeds with unfair reputations like the pit bull, Rottweiler, doberman, or German shepherd.
How to Avoid Aggression in Dalmatians
If you already own a dalmatian and you’re seeing signs of aggression like those listed above, connect with a professional dog trainer or animal behaviorist. These individuals are experts at correcting behavior problems and can help your dalmatian dog be a better family pet.
Ideally, though, you’ll be able to avoid aggression before it ever starts by taking a few simple steps:
1. Choose a Responsible Breeder
If you’re adopting your dalmatian dog from a breeder, choose a responsible one. Good breeders will raise dalmatians in their homes as members of the family. This greatly increases the likelihood that the dog is well-adapted to living with humans. Plus, responsible breeders screen their puppies for health issues to ensure you’re getting a healthy dog. We’ll talk more later about how health issues may correlate with aggression.
2. Socialize Early
Whenever possible, begin socializing your dalmatian early so they feel comfortable with a wide variety of ages, races, and genders and situations, like being in a crowded public space or riding in a car through a drive-thru. When dogs grow up around different people, places, children, and other pets, they tend to be more at ease around them rather than seeing them as a threat.
3. Provide Lots of Exercise and Mental Stimulation
Remember, the dalmatian was originally bred as a guard dog for horses and coaches (known as carriage dogs), according to the American Kennel Club (AKC). So, this dog breed likes to have a “job” to do, even if that job is running in the yard or playing with a toy. Give your dalmatian plenty of daily exercise as a healthy outlet for their energy. It’s possible that dogs who are cooped up for much of the day may act out aggressively.
It’s also important to provide mental stimulation in addition to exercise. Keep your dalmatian’s mind working by using puzzle toys, and try playing engaging games like tug-of-war and hide-and-seek with dog treats. Try using Native Pet’s Yak Chews to give your dog a long-lasting chew that will keep them engaged.
4. Keep Up With Training
A dog with a high energy level like the dalmatian needs structure to remain on their best behavior. And the best way to give your dog structure is through ongoing training. Plus, training also helps keep your dog mentally stimulated. For starters, teach your dog the basic commands, like sit, stay, and come. Crate and leash training are also helpful.
When training your dog, always use positive reinforcement techniques rather than punishment. For example, rather than yelling or pulling sharply on the leash, which can cause your dog to act aggressively out of fear or anger, praise them when they exhibit good behavior. You can do this by giving your dalmatian a treat or verbal praise when they do well, and correcting them when they need it.
5. “Train” Your Children
Sometimes, young children can accidentally annoy dogs, causing conflict. Teach your children how to act respectfully around your dalmatian. They should give your dog plenty of space when it’s playing with toys or eating meals. This will help avoid triggering protective instincts such as resource guarding behavior. Also, they should never tug on Fido’s ears or tail or try to ride them like a horse.
6. See Your Vet Regularly
You might not think of a veterinary check-up as a good way to avoid aggressive behavior, but it can make all the difference in certain situations. Certain health problems like physical injuries or hip dysplasia can cause your dog pain, and this discomfort can cause any pet to act aggressively. Your vet will be able to identify these health concerns and help create a treatment plan.
So, Are Dalmatians Aggressive?
Are dalmatians aggressive inherently? No. Just like any dog, the dalmatian is typically only aggressive under certain circumstances. The dalmatian is known to be a bit stubborn, but they are not typically aggressive dogs. Most are wonderful family dogs who are loyal, playful, and active companions.
However, always watch out for signs of aggression like snarling, lunging, nipping, growling, bared teeth, and a stiff tail. This is especially important if your dog is around young children. Seek the help of a professional dog trainer or behaviorist if you think your dog is frequently showing signs of aggression, or if you or a member of your family has been frightened or hurt by your pet.
You can prevent aggressive tendencies in your dog by adopting from a responsible breeder; socializing your pet early on in life; providing lots of exercise and mental stimulation; training properly and regularly; and teaching your children how to interact safely and respectfully with your dog. Lastly, see your vet regularly so you can deal with any health problems that could lead to aggression.
Want to know more about your dog’s behavior, health, and wellness needs? Visit the Native Pet blog.
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